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May 2, 2013

Spring on Good Harbor Bay

Filed under: beach,history,lake michigan,Leelanau,michigan,photo,sleepingbeardunes,spring — Andrew McFarlane @ 5:29 pm

Via Michigan in Pictures...

Spring on Good Harbor Bay

Spring on Good Harbor Bay, photo by Eric Raymond

Good Harbor is located on the northern edge of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore at the Lake Michigan end of County Road 651. Today only evidence of the vanished village are the pilings of what was once a 500' dock that could load 4 schooners at a time. The Good Harbor page from the Lakeshore explains that logging in the area began in 1863 to supply cordwood fuel for  steamers, leading to the founding of a village in the 1870s.

Shortly after 1880 (Henry) Schomberg bought out Schwartz's interest and built a big sawmill which had a capacity of 30,000 feet in a 10-hour day.

...The Schomberg Lumber Company ran a hotel, two stores which became a shopping center for the local farmers, and a saloon. The township line between Centerville and Cleveland townships ran down the middle of Main Street in Good Harbor. Centerville did not allow saloons, so Good Harbor's saloon was built on the Cleveland township side of the street ... At the height of the lumber business, the mill worked day and night during the winter and during the day in the summer. As many as 75 teams of horses were used hauling logs to the mill, lumber to the dock, and supplies to the camps. The lumber company owned some of the teams and the rest were owned by local farmers and rented to the lumber company. At its peak, the mill cut 8,000,000 board feet of lumber per year.

The schooners were loaded by farmers who were called to work at the dock when the ships arrived. Good Harbor had no protection from storms with a northwest wind, so ships had to leave the dock and sail to the Manitou Islands for protection when a storm would come up. Sometimes storms would come up too fast and the ships were driven aground.

You can read on for more and also see some of the wrecks in the area in the Manitou Passage Underwater Preserve.

Check this out bigger and see more great photos from the Sleeping Bear and Leelanau Peninsula (including another shot of the pilings by Terry Clark) on Eric's Leelanau County Facebook page.

May 21, 2012

Video on the History of Leland, Michigan

Filed under: fishtown,history,Leelanau,leland,michigan,news,photo — Andrew McFarlane @ 8:33 am

Via the Leland Chamber of Commerce...

Here's a nice video feature by UpNorthLive.com on the history of the village of Leland entitled The Story of Leland. It begins:

In its beginnings, Leland, Michigan was one of the oldest and largest Ottawa villages on the Leelanau Peninsula. The site where the Leland River meets Lake Michigan was a natural spot for white settlers from Europe to migrate during the 1-30s. Antoine Manseau and his son settled on the land, building a dam and a sawmill along the river. The area was completely forested with hardwoods, maple, beech, cedar and pine. Using those ripe and previously untouched hardwoods, construction of the dam raised the water levels and Lake Leelanau was created. The new body of water allowed for boats to come in and out carrying lumber and other supplies and it wasn't long before other industry moved into the area, including the Leland Lake Superior Iron Works and commercial fishing.

The photo is the kilns for the Lake Superior Iron Works. Watch the whole video below!

February 10, 2011

This Week in Leelanau: February 10, 2011

Filed under: almanac,calendar,Leelanau,weather — Andrew McFarlane @ 4:24 pm

Here's the news, weather, events and pics from the week - subscribe at the top right!
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February 3, 2011

This Week in Leelanau: February 3, 2011

Filed under: almanac,Leelanau,michigan,news,weather,winter — Andrew McFarlane @ 8:44 pm

Here's the news, weather, events and photos from this week in Leelanau. Get it delivered fresh and hot to your inbox by signing up for our email newsletter at the top right of the page!
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January 31, 2011

The Village of Good Harbor

Filed under: beach,history,Leelanau,michigan,sleepingbeardunes — Andrew McFarlane @ 11:30 am

G.H. Dock PiersThe Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore page on the village of Good Harbor begins:

Good Harbor is located in the northern part of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore at the Lake Michigan end of County Road 651. The only evidence of the village is a few dock pilings near the Lake Michigan shore.

The earliest logging activity in the area was in 1863 just two miles west of this site, H. D. Pheatt, a partner in Fayette and Thiess built a dock on the bay and began cutting cordwood fuel for passing steamers. He was a veteran seaman, who retired here having sailed the Great Lakes for 41 years. Wood and logs were cut between Lime and Little Traverse Lakes and taken across Little Traverse Lake on scows pulled along a cable stretched from shore to shore. A tramway extended from the shore of Little Traverse Lake to the company dock on Lake Michigan. In 1869 Pheatt sold the business and bought 200 acres about a mile down the bay. He built a gristmill in 1882 powered by Shetland Creek, which connects LimeLake and Little Traverse Lake.

The village of Good Harbor was started in the mid-1870s when a man named Vine built a small sawmill and dock. He got white ash logs from the surrounding area, which he cut into 4" lumber for wagon tongues and shipped it by boat to Milwaukee and Chicago. His mill was in operation for a couple of years before he sold out to Henry Schomberg of Milwaukee and Jake Schwartz of Leland, who began making barrel staves, headings and hoops to supply packaging for shipping pork, fish, apples and other products around the Great Lakes.

Read on to learn about Schomberg's mill that cut 8,000,000 board feet of lumber per year at its peak, which side of Main Street you had to be on to go to a tavern and the folding of the town in the early 20th Century.

Photo Credit: G.H. Dock Piers by ETCphoto

May 28, 2009

Glen Arbor Area History

Filed under: — cody @ 4:39 pm

At the Sleeping Bear Point Coast Guard Station in 1916
GLEN HAVEN - 1916
Glen Arbor - Glen Haven - Glen Lake

The Coast Guard Station at Sleeping Bear Point was established in 1901, as the U.S. Life-Saving Station. In 1931, it was moved eastward to its present location near Glen Haven, then closed in 1944, and now is the Maritime Museum of the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore.

About 1848 John LaRue moved from South Manitou Island to set up a trading post at Sleeping Bear Bay. LaRue traded with the Native Americans camped in the area, and wooding stations soon provided fuel for passing steamers. More settlers arrived and Mrs. John E. Fisher gave the quiet hollow surrounded by forests the name of Glen Arbor. The Fishers arrived in 1854, as did John Dorsey. Dorsey set up a cooper shop, making fish barrels for outside markets; and John Fisher speculated on 1,000 acres of land on the north side of Glen Lake. Mrs. Fisher's brother, C.C. McCarty, built the Sleeping Bear Inn, originally as a residence for lumbermen. George Ray built a dock in 1856 and later was the settlement's first postmaster. W. D. Burdick established a sawmill and grist mill nearby in 1864 at a location which came to bear his name, Burdickville. In 1878 D. H. Day, a land developer and agent for the Northern Transportation Company, found his way to Glen Arbor. By 1867 Glen Arbor Township had 200 people, three docks, two hotels, four stores, a blacksmith shop, and a cooper shop. Gordon Earle built a water- powered shingle mill in 1890, and J. O. Nessen erected a steam-powered lumber mill nine years later.

Wood products from the surrounding forests became Leelanau County's first commodity. Logging provided lumber and shingles for the homes, schools, churches, and businesses. As more schooners and steamers traveled Lake Michigan, ports such as Glen Arbor and Glen Haven provided fuel for them from the many wooding stations which marked the shoreside settlements.

The large number of vessels plying the waters of the Manitou Passage brought the establishment of the Coast Guard Station just north of the Sleeping Bear Dunes, in 1901. Schooners had nearly disappeared by that time, but steamers still carried passengers and freight up and down the Big Lake. Large ore boats also traveled down from Lake Superior to the City of Chicago. Men at the lifesaving station made many rescues of seamen in distress, sometimes by rowing the lifesaving boats into the angry waves, and sometimes by shooting a rope from the Lyle Gun to a stranded vessel. Today the restored station is a reminder of human courage in the fury of violent waters. In contrast, beautiful Glen Lake and the communities which border it sit peacefully beside the windswept Sleeping Bear Dune close to D. H. Day Campground and Pierce Stocking Drive.

About the Dunes

Filed under: — cody @ 1:30 pm

On the northwestern shore of Michigan's Lower Peninsula, in Leelanau and Benzie Counties, lies the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. The Sleeping Bear is an area unlike any other, over 50,000 acres along Lake Michigan replete with hills and forests of birch, pine, beech and maple. The Lakeshore encompasses numerous small lakes and rivers (perfect for fishing), sugar sand beaches and, of course, the massive coastal sand dunes and bluffs. Offshore in Lake Michigan lie the North and South Manitou Islands, the areas of first Leelanau County settlement and wholly a part of the Lakeshore. For more about the National Lakeshore check Park Issues & Information. For more about the North & South Manitou Islands, read The Manitou Islands Page.

Fossils tell of some of the earliest history, when a shallow warm sea covered the area. More recent history is revealed in the landscape. The shoreline, the hills, the valleys, the small lakes, and the sand dunes you see today are evidence that powerful earth-moving forces of ice, wind water have been at work here. Often geological changes occur slowly over millions of years, but here you can witness dramatic changes over your lifetime. Twice in this century sandslides at Sleeping Bear Point sent large land masses plunging into Lake Michigan and in June of 1998, a large slide at Pyramid Point took thousands of tons from the point. In theirThe Sleeping Bear Dunes took their name from the Ojibway legend to the left and from "the Bear", a tree covered bump in the shape of a bear that was eroded away by wind and water in the middle part of this century. There were many people whose lives were tied to this land long before it became a parkland -- Indians, lumberman, merchant sailors, farmers. Glen Haven and the Manitou Islands were once busy communities supplying lumber for construction and fuel for wood-burning ships that sailed the Great Lakes in the mid and late 1800s. Ruins of sawmills and fueling docks can still be seen. Crop farming followed the cutting of the forests but it, like lumbering, soon faded. Many farmers abandoned their fields and orchards, but many fruit trees and berries still grow in the park. For more historical information, visit the Sleeping Bear Dunes History Pages.

Top photo: IMG_2686 by renny67

Bottom photo: aDSC_9629.jpg by cyoas55

April 7, 2008

North Unity, Michigan

Filed under: Leelanau,leelanau.com,map,michigan,travel — Leelanau.com @ 9:43 am

North Unity was a small settlement on Good Harbor Bay. It was first settled in the 1855 by Bohemian immigrants who came up the shore of Lake Michigan from Chicago to scout for a suitable place to start a settlement. The new settlers lived the first few years in a barracks that was 150 feet long and 20 feet wide with rooms partitioned off for each family. As more and more settlers arrived the village began to thrive. There was soon a schoolhouse, a sawmill and a store. In 1859 the town had a post office and gristmill. In 1871 the village was destroyed by a fire and the villagers moved inland to Shalda Corners. St. Joseph 's Catholic Church was built in 1888 and blessed by the first Bishop of the Diocese of Grand Rapids. Today nothing more remains of North Unity than St. Joseph's Catholic Church at the intersection of S. Bohemian Road (County Road 669) and M-22.

Leelanau on Location

Gill's Pier, Michigan

Filed under: lake michigan,Leelanau — Leelanau.com @ 9:40 am

Gill's Pier was founded as a lumber town. Today all that remains are the pylons from the old pier, the nearby St. Wenceslaus Church, and the Gill's Pier Road. The Gill's Pier Vineyard and Winery was named in honor of the town of Gill's Pier. The town grew up around the William Gill and Son Lumber Mill on Lake Michigan. The Gill's Pier post office was opened on January 22, 1883, the same year that the Schooner Ketchum wrecked on the shores of Lake Michigan just down the beach from Gill's Pier. The area around Gill's Pier was founded by Bohemian immigrants who worked at the Gill Sawmill. They built the wooden frame of St. Wenceslaus Church in 1890, when Gill's Pier had reached its peak of prosperity. At that time the town had 12 houses, a post office and a general store.

Not even twenty years later the Gill's Pier post office was closed on January 15, 1908. Like so many other lumbering towns along the shores of Lake Michigan, Gill's Pier soon faded into obscurity. In 1941, long after Gill's Pier was deserted, the Bohemians in the area built up St. Wenceslaus Church out of brick. On a visit to the remains of Gill's Pier make sure to stop at Fischer's Happy Hour Tavern for a quick drink or a bite to eat. Although the Lake Michigan beach at Gill's Pier may be rocky, it is a great walk along the shore.

Leelanau on Location

Port Oneida, Michigan

In 1852 Carsten Burfiend of Hanover, Germany moved from North Manitou Island to the mainland, just west of Pyramid Point. Burfiend continued his work as a fisherman on the mainland and ferried settlers from the Manitou Islands to the mainland on his fishing boat. In 1862 Thomas Kelderhouse's dock was completed on Carsten Burfiend's land. The S.S. Oneida was one of the first steamships to dock at Thomas Kelderhouse's dock. The town was named after this first steamer, the S.S. Oneida. Kelderhouse soon built a sawmill to process cordwood to sell to passing steamers for fuel.

By 1880 many other families had moved to the area, many of whom were from Hanover or Prussia. According to the 1880 census 74 adults were working in the Port Oneida area. Port Oneida was soon a thriving town with a blacksmith shop, a boarding house, a general store and post office. At that time Thomas Kelderhouse owned mot of the buildings and almost half of the land on Pyramid Point. Just ten years later, in the 1890s most of the timber had been harvested and the Great Lakes steamships were burning coal. Competition with the much larger logging operations in the county forced the Port Oneida mill to close. The dock and mill were both sold. By 1908 all the buildings at the town site of Port Oneida had been abandoned, except for the the Kelderhouse residence. Families living on surrounding farms stayed in the area until the 1940s. In 1970 the Sleeping Bear National Lakeshore was founded by an act of Congress. The National Lakeshore included Port Oneida, and the first offical survey of historic buildings was completed in 1988.

Leelanau on Location

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